Mary Queen of Scots (1542-1852)
|Mary Queen of Scots makes the list on the grounds of being a relentlessly suffering bitch. As my history teacher told it at least, there seems not to have been any point in Mary's short existence which was not beset with misery. She is held to have been beautiful, charismatic and intelligent, and yet either absurdly naive (having come to the throne aged six a definite possibility), foolishly reckless (especially in matters of the heart, where she was beset with scandal and death) or just plain stupid.|
|Following a number of scandals in her home kingdom,
culminating in the death of her husband and her almost indecently swift marriage to his
reputed killer, she was forced to flee to England and begged protection from her cousin,
She was executed after her ill-advised participation in a plot dreamed up by agents of Elizabeth II as a trap, despite Elizabeth's understandable reluctance to have another Queen put to death. It is said that her death warrant was slipped in with a stack of routine papers to recieve Elizabeth's signature, which doesn't say a great deal for Elizabeth.
She survived the first blow of the axe, due apparently to substantial incompetence on the part of the executioner. Although this can not have helped her composure, she is supposed to have died well; however poorly she might have lived.
Jean-Baptiste Chevalier de Lamarck (1744-1829)
Many people view Darwin as the father of evolution, but in fact Darwin himself disliked
the word, and did not use it to describe his theories of adaptation by natural selection.
The reason for this was quite possibly that 'Evolution' had already been postulated, in a
very different form, by Jean-Baptiste Chevalier de Lamarck. A lesser member of the French
nobility, Lamarck served in the army - by his own account heroically - until discharged
following an off-duty injury.